If you’re unsure whether to give that last piece of steak to your dog, you’re in the right place. We’re here to answer the question, ‘What Can Dogs Eat and Not Eat’. Here, we have listed 30 human foods that dogs can eat alongside their benefits and cautions and 6 that dogs cannot eat.
Best Gourmet Wet Dog Food
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What Can Dogs Eat and Not Eat
Can Dogs Eat Human Food?
Yes. In fact, there are plenty of human foods that dogs can eat, and that includes popular favorites like whipped cream, steak, lobster, and some fruits. They contain nutrients that if taken in moderation can contribute to dog overall health and well-being.
On the other hand, there are a number of human foods too that are considered toxic to dogs. This includes almonds and chocolate to name a few. These foods can cause allergic reactions, digestive issues, and even death if ingested or taken in high amounts.
It is important to note, however, that dogs have different nutrition needs and varied responses with human foods. Large breed dogs, for example, need more digestible protein and less fermentable starch and fiber in their diet.
So, before feeding your dog human foods, it’s best that you consult your veterinary first. In the meantime, read on to find out what human foods can dogs eat & can’t to give you an idea what to feed and what to avoid.
Human Foods That Dog Can Eat
Fruits are a great source of fiber and potassium, and are good for metabolism, brain function and muscle activity. They are low in fat, sodium, and calories, making them a healthy dog treat and snack alternative.
Strawberries contains high levels of nitrate, and is a good pre-exercise and training snack. This fruit improves immune system, nervous system, and eye health. It also reduces inflammation and risk of cancer and arthritis. To prevent choking, cut in small pieces.
Bananas are a great snack for dogs. It’s rich in fiber and potassium, and low in sodium. It can improve heart health, reduce high blood pressure, and boost iron content of the blood. Before feeding your dog, remove the peels and control portion sizes.
Coconut oil and coconut meat are both safe for dogs to eat. Along with its immune boosting ability, it can also reduce inflammation and risk of arthritis. It can also speed up the healing process of dogs with illness or injury.
Blueberries are one of the best superfoods and healthiest fruit. It’s packed with fiber, antioxidants, and vitamins which boosts immune system, prevents UTI, and promotes cognitive health.
Oranges are healthy treat alternative because of its sugar content and benefits. It lowers blood pressure, increases level of antioxidants, improves heart health, and reduces frequency of kidney stones. For dogs with diabetes, oranges may not be a good option.
Mango is a healthy treat option. It’s rich in vitamins B6, C, E, A, fiber, and antioxidants. It can fight free radical damage and reverse aging. It can also reduce the risk of cancer, improves skin and eye health, improves digestion, creates alkaline environment in the body, etc.
Pears are high in fiber, vitamins A and C, and fat-free. It’s a great treat for overweight dogs, dogs with heart disease, diabetes, weak immune system, and inflammation, however, it must be taken in moderation, and the seeds must also be removed.
Meats are generally safe for dogs to eat however any meat with excessive salt, seasonings, butter, oil, onions or garlic should be avoided as these can cause stomach upset and worst, pancreatitis.
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Chicken is a great source of extra protein. It must be served cooked and unseasoned, and appropriate serving is no larger than one ounce. Just make sure your dog is not allergic to chicken.
Whether they’re hard-boiled, poached, scrambled, or over-easy, eggs are great for dogs. It’s a good source of protein, fatty acids and vitamins that are essential for dog health. Avoid feeding your dog raw eggs as this can cause biotin deficiency.
Pork is safe for dogs to eat as long as its cooked and not seasoned with too much salt. It’s a good source of amino acids and is packed with more calories than any other types of meat. Also, it’s less likely to cause allergic reaction.
Shrimp is high in antioxidants, vitamin b12 and phosphorous. It’s also low in fat, calories, and carbs however it must be taken in moderation. Also, it must be cooked and its shell must be removed before feeding it to your dog.
Fish is a good source of good fats and amino acids. Sardines, particularly, is really great for dogs as it contains good amount of calcium because of its soft, digestible bones. Fish must always be cooked and cooled and must only be taken no more than twice a week.
Turkey is safe for dogs to eat. In fact, feeding your dog with turkey can reduce its risk of cancer due to its Selenium content. Before feeding your dog, make sure excess fat and skin are removed and make sure to check for bones as it might cause splinter or blockage.
Lobster contains protein and a number of vitamins and minerals. It also contains sodium and cholesterol so make sure to serve it unseasoned and just the right amount. If your dog has allergy to seashells and other crustaceans, it’s best to avoid this food.
Steak is safe for dogs to eat. It’s a good source of protein and omega 6 fatty acids. These help increase energy level and maintain dogs healthy and shiny coat. It also moisturizes the skin and tones dog muscles.
Vegetables are healthy options for dogs and make a nutritious add-in to meals. They’re high in fiber, vitamins and minerals. While they’re generally safe, it is important to cut into bite-size chunks before feeding them to your dog to prevent choking, especially in small dogs.
Best Dog Food with Vegetables
Celery is one of the safest veggies that dogs can eat. It’s recommended as a weight loss treat. It’s low in fat and cholesterol, excellent source of fiber, vitamins A, C, K Potassium and manganese. It also freshens up dogs breathe. Make sure to cut the celery into bite-size
Cauliflower is a good source of fiber, vitamins K, vitamin C, calcium, potassium, and folate which is good for dogs metabolism. Make sure it’s cooked and unseasoned. Do not feed your dog frozen, canned, or jarred cauliflower as it can potentially make dogs gassy.
All varieties of squash are okay for dogs to eat. Squash provides a good range of nutrients such as Vitamin A, C, and K as well as ton of fiber. Make sure to serve it fresh, not frozen or canned, and make sure to remove the skin and seeds.
Carrot is a perfect reward for dog training for the reason that it’s nutritious and packed with vitamins such as vitamin A, potassium, and fiber. Vets recommend it for teething dogs and dogs with chewing habits and to serve cold or frozen.
Green beans are rich in vitamins and minerals, such as protein, iron, calcium, and vitamins B6, A, C, and K. It’s a healthy treat for dogs, and can be served raw or cooked. To keep your dog healthy, serve with no salt, spice, oils, garlic and onions.
Generally, nuts are not the best human food choice for dogs because they’re high in fat and calories. Fats are essential but if taken in excess, it can lead to obesity and pancreatic issues. Nuts can also be obstructions and choking hazards in small dogs.
Cashew is safe for dogs to eat. It’s high in fat and protein, and can be eaten as a snack. However, if eaten in large amounts, it can lead to pancreatitis and obesity and other obesity-related problems.
Peanuts are a good source of protein and healthy fats. It’s also rich in vitamins B & E and Niacin which helps improve dogs metabolism and cognitive function. Unsalted, dog-specific peanut butter, or home-made peanut butter is the healthiest option.
Sweets and desserts can contribute to dogs overall health. However, eating an excessive amount of added sugar is bad. Xylitol, for example, is an artificial sugar found in many human foods and products. It can cause a rapid drop in blood sugar in dogs or liver failure.
Dogs can also enjoy the sweat and creamy taste of whipped cream especially those having a hard time gaining weight. For obese dogs and dogs that are lactose intolerant, whipped cream is bad as it’s high in fats and sugars, and it’s extremely rich and calorie-dense.
Oatmeal is high in fiber, nutrients, minerals, and antioxidant. It also contains vitamin B which helps keep dogs healthy coat, and linoleic acid, which is a type of omega-6 fatty acid that helps to keep a dog’s skin strong and healthy.
Plain and wheat bread is generally safe for dogs to eat as long as it’s taken in small amounts. Otherwise, it can cause obesity and upset stomach especially if it’s baked or prepared with garlic, butter, oil and cheese like garlic bread and rye.
Milk is safe to drink in moderation, however it’s a bad choice for dogs with allergies and lactose intolerance. Goats milk is a good option. It helps with digestive issues like colitis and IBS, alleviates allergies and itching, and relieve arthritis.
Popcorn kernels are a great treat for dogs. It contains magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, and zinc, fiber and vitamins which are important for dog overall health. However, it may not be good if prepared with oil, butter, salt and other toppings.
Quinoa is an ingredient in most dog foods today. It’s a good source of complex carbohydrates, fiber and essential amino acids, fatty acids Iron, Calcium, Copper, Zinc, Phosphorus, and Potassium, and is a good alternative for corn, rice, and wheat.
Yogurt is a good probiotic. However, if your dog has lactose intolerance, it is best to avoid all foods that contain lactose like yogurt. If not, be sure to select plain and unsweetened yogurt like Greek style yogurt as it has lots of live cultures and lower levels of lactose.
6 Human Food Dog Can’t Eat
Artificial sweeteners, fried, seasoned and oily foods, and alcohol are generally unsafe for dogs to eat. They disrupt dogs health and compromises usual bodily functions. If your dog accidentally ingested any of the foods below or is showing symptoms of poisoning, consult a vet immediately.
Chocolate & Caffeine
Chocolate contains stimulants namely theobromine and caffeine that are difficult for dogs to digest. Both can be toxic to dogs if ingested in large amounts. Baker’s chocolate, cocoa, dark chocolate, milk chocolate and white chocolate are considered the most toxic.
Grapes and Raisins
Grapes and raisins are highly toxic to dogs, and if eaten, it can potentially lead to kidney failure. Vets and researchers have yet to identify what causes this. If your dog is showing symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Onions & Garlic
Garlic, onions and other member of the allium family can be fatal to dogs due to a compound called thiosulfate that these food contain. This compound is hard for dogs to digest, and can cause oxidative damage to red blood cells, resulting in hemolytic anemia.
Avocado fruit, pits, and leaves contain persin. It’s a fungicidal toxin that can cause a range of health problems even death. Also, due to its high fat content, it can cause gastrointestinal upset and pancreatitis in dogs if ingested in large amounts.
Macadamia nuts are often added to cakes, cookies, muffins, and even trail mix. These nuts are toxic to dogs, and what causes this particularly is still unknown. If ingested, it can cause vomiting, tremors, and increased body temperature.
Almonds are difficult to digest for dogs. It can put dogs at risk of developing severe gastro-intestinal upset. Almonds are also high in fat and can cause pancreatitis which is a serious condition that requires urgent medical attention.
Feeding your dog human foods can contribute to its overall health, that is if it’s taken in moderation and prepared well, meaning it’s cooked and there’s no excessive seasonings, artificial sugars, butter and oil used.
But, keep in mind that dogs have different nutritional needs. Age, gender, medical conditions, and physical activity levels are the factors that affect this. Consulting a vet and doing your research can help you determine the best diet for your dog.
What Human Foods Can Dogs Eat and Cannot Eat: FAQs
Can Dogs Eat Whipped Cream?
Yes. Dogs can eat whipped cream but not too much. Whipped cream contains high amounts of fats and sugar which are essential to dogs health however can become toxic if taken in excessive amounts. Avoid this food if you have an obese or diabetic dog.
Can Dogs Eat Clementine?
Yes. Clementine are just one of the many fruits that dogs can enjoy with their humans. This fruit is high in sugar and can be a great treat and reward for trainings and workouts. Just be sure to give your dog only one whole piece everyday.
Can Dogs Eat Hummus?
No. Dogs cannot eat hummus. Hummus contains garlic which is toxic to dogs. Garlic and other member of allium family contains thiosulfate, a compound that is hard for dogs to digest. It also contains oil and butter which in excess can cause a lot of health complications.
Can Dogs Eat Persimmons?
Yes. Persimmons contain essential vitamins such as Vitamin A and C which are important in a dog’s diet. These vitamins are important in maintaining biological processes and helps ward off diseases. It also contains large amount of fiber, antioxidants, and folic acid.
Can Dogs Eat Chicken Nuggets?
Yes and No. Yes because chicken nuggets can provide your dogs with its daily protein needs. However, you better check the ingredients as most are filled with fats and salt and other toxic additives which are detrimental to dog’s health.
Can Dogs Eat Sesame Seeds?
If you’re wondering if sesame seeds are safe for your dog to eat, it’s a yes. Sesame seeds, like most seeds, are fine for dog consumption. In fact, dogs can get their vitamins and protein needs in sesame seeds.
Can Dogs Eat Lobster?
Lobster is a safe for dogs to eat. It’s high in protein and is rich in vitamins and minerals. For dogs that have allergies to sea shells and crustaceans, lobster is not a safe food choice. It can cause itchiness, diarrhea, skin infection, and vomiting if ingested.
Can Dogs Eat Jalapenos?
No. Dogs cannot eat Jalapenos. Jalapeno peppers contain spices which can cause bloody stools, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting. Other hot peppers including chili peppers, habanero peppers, and the super-hot ghost peppers must also be avoided.
Can Dogs Eat Graham Crackers?
Yes. Graham crackers are safe for dogs to eat but only in moderation. This snack contains carbohydrates, sugar, and sodium which are good for dog’s health. It’s a sweet treat and can be used as a reward for training and workouts.
Can Dogs Eat Goldfish?
Yes. Goldfish including Salmon, Tuna, Cod and Hank are among the many fishes that dogs can eat. It’s a good source of vitamins and proteins required in dog nutrition. Before feeding your dog, make sure it’s cleaned thoroughly and cooked.
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